Hyperpigmentation, not to be mistaken with hypopigmentation is a skin disorder which manifests itself in the form of brownish sections of skin, which in a great many cases can be somewhat unsightly. Having a handful of darker patches is by no means a life damaging problem, however it could easily create a large amount of misery and unhappiness, hinging naturally on the severity of the condition. In the next few paragraphs we’ll examine the various triggers, as well as a look at the specific treatment methods offered.
What Exactly Is the Condition, and Can It Be Avoided?
The pigment (color) of a person’s skin is actually dependent on the amount of melanin present. When something causes the body to create too much melanin, dark patches are going to appear. These kinds of dark patches may differ significantly in size, from as small as a pin head, to patches larger than a grown-up man’s hand. Similarly, microscopic spots could develop right alongside each other, and in exceptional numbers, and thus taking on the look of a solitary sizeable patch.
The most recognized trigger is without a doubt sunlight, even though there are indeed a few more recognized triggers too. Even though a suntan isn’t looked upon as pigmentation, it is to some extent. Any time you expose your skin to the sun’s Ultra violet rays, the body replies by elevating melanin in an attempt to safeguard the skin, hence the reason why we’re capable of getting a suntan in the first place. Of course the suntan soon fades, and everything goes back to normal, but if this kind of process is repeated consistently, specific areas of the epidermis will continue to be darker on a long term basis until treated. You should also keep in mind that any further exposure to sunlight will often cause any current darkish areas go more dark compared to what they already are.
Personal injuries and also specific illnesses could also induce the trouble, even though some accidental injuries are actually more likely to trigger hypopigmentation, in which case the impacted areas would be lighter as opposed to darker. Many medications are also able to cause the disorder, and also particular kinds of skin are more susceptible than others. As an example, virtually all teens experience acne problems during their lives, but a really small number of them end up getting very high pigmentation because of this.
Endocrine irregularities in the human body can also cause darker patches to show up, a phenomenon that is not unheard of between women who are pregnant. In the matter of pregnancy linked patches, the condition is known as melasma, even though many simply think of it as the “mask of pregnancy.”
What Are the actual Treatment Solutions?
In short, a lot will depend on the severity of the situation, one’s skin type, and of course a great deal depends upon how much a person is able to fork out. For instance, chemical peels may quite often clearly decrease the patches, however they can not usually do away with them completely, and deep chemical peels will also be costly. Precisely the same can be said about microdermabrasion, in that it too can lighten up one’s patches, but it really can’t remove them completely, and as with chemical peels, microdermabrasion is actually high-priced. As far as specialist treatments are concerned, laser treatment is unquestionably the most beneficial, but as many have realized, it’s of course the most costly option.